Volume 3, Number 7 (2008)
A publication of the Faculty of Communication & Media Studies and the University Research Institute of Applied Communication National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
THE VIRTUAL SPHERE 2.0: THE INTERNET AND THE PUBLIC SPHERE
This essay first traces dominant narratives on private and public opinion, beginning with an overview of the public sphere, examining models that oppose or supplement the public sphere, and leading into work that examines the internet as a public sphere. As a second step, distinct conditions that moderate the democratizing impact of the internet are identified and explicated. First, the self-centred nature of online expression lends a narcissistic element to political deliberation online, which is distinct from the objectives of the public sphere. Second, patterns of civic engagement online suggest selective uses of online media to supplement the representative model of democracy and mobilize subversive movements. Finally, the proliferation of online public spaces that are part commercial and part private suggests a new hybrid model of public spaces, where consumerist and civic rhetoric co-exist. These three recent developments are used to question whether the public sphere is the most meaningful lens from which to evaluate the democratizing potential of online technologies.
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND COMMUNICATION IN THE CYBERSPACE: P2P, “CREATIVE COMMONS” AND THE FUTURE OF THE INSTITUTION IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT
DEPARTMENT OF JOURNALISM AND MASS MEDIA,
ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI
After presenting, the origins of the conflict arising, among copyright holders, Internet users, and the critics addressed to the whole traditional literary property institution, this study discusses alternative protection models proposed by “creative commons» (a system which is aiming to facilitate the widest possible dissemination of protected works in the networks, based on open source software's philosophy), as well as to what extent, this model can replace traditional literary property systems, and attempts to propose principles and guidelines, which may govern the contemporary legal system of protection of authors and works. The principles and terms of integration of literary property's systems in the digital environment result through the confrontation, between the radical position and anti-piracy strategies of copyright holders and the doubtful and illusionary, creative commons' discourse.
THE EFFECT OF WORLD NEWS NETWORKS IN FOREIGN POLICY
CHRISTOS FRAGKONIKOLOPOULOS, NIKOS PANAGIOTOU
In recent years there has been a considerable debate regarding the ability of Global Communication Networks to influence the course of international relations and the foreign policy process. The argument is that the Global Media Networks have become a significant medium, operating as the main provider of information to the public. They are not only restricted to the reporting and coverage of issues, but also preserve an autonomous role by determining and constructing the context in which the foreign and international issues are discussed. Bearing this in mind, the central task of this paper is twofold. Firstly, to examine when and how Global Communication Networks may influence the foreign policy process. The reality demonstrates that their role in foreign policy is more complex . Not only do they provide decision makers with opportunities to advance their goals, but also constrain them. Secondly, to broaden our understanding of the issues neglected by the debate by discussing the interaction between Global Communication Networks and foreign policy in terms of geopolitical realities, of technological changes, cases of “forgotten” issues/conflicts, determinants international agenda setting and international news flows between developed and developing countries.
THE COVERAGE OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE TV NEWS BULLETINS
GIORGOS PLIOS, STELIOS PAPATHANASSOPOULOS
Τhe present paper examine the political coverage of parties and other political institutions on the main TV news in Greece. Results of a relevant empirical research shows that the “social items” continue be appeared in TV news bulletins more frequently than any other group of themes. The two major political parties are appeared more frequently than two smaller parties and this tendency is more intense in the commercial private TV stations. While the journalists adopt in their references a more neutral attitude towards political parties, nevertheless it is increased the percentage of negative references regarding the positive ones. Additionally, this tendency is more obvious in private commercial channels. In short, the tendencies that were recorded in the empirical research during the pre-election period were confirmed by the electoral results and further polls at the end of 2007 and January 2008 .
THE IMPACT OF MOBILE TELEPHONY ON POLITICAL COMMUNICATION IN GREECE
This article examines the impact that mobile phones may have on political communication in Greece. There's an attempt to detect whether and how Greek politicians use their mobile phone for political purposes, why do they choose this medium and if they believe that by using this communicational device, they come closer to young people. Mobile Telephony has met an impressive growth over the last decade. Nowadays the cell phone composes an integral part of our everyday life. The conclusion one might draw from this essay is that the mobile phone, especially by Short Message Service ( SMS ), is seen as a new method to spread political message, which works supplementary, peripherally to traditional communication techniques. Moreover, politicians use their mobile phone, especially during their campaign, to strengthen their impact on youth and attract voters, since they are considered to be more familiarized with new communication technologies.
TELEVISION AND THE MUSIC INDUSTRY:
THE ARION MUSIC AWARDS
This article examines the “Arion” Greek music awards festival, aiming to investigate the way Greek media –and particularly television– represent modern Greek music and the rationale behind the organization / structure of the Greek music industry. Despite claiming to be a cultural institution considering itself as a means of promoting modern Greek music, our research demonstrates that “Arion Awards”, is nothing but a media event justifying its raison d' etre only through television broadcasting. In addition, this article presents the procedures followed by the modern culture industry and television system aiming to demote music as art to a cheap commodity, and underlines the elements constituting the contemporary music industry patterns, based on the commercial rationale of the free market.