Volume 7, Number 14-15 (2012)
A publication of the Faculty of Communication & Media Studies and the University Research Institute of Applied Communication National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
JOURNALISM STUDIES IN A MESS MEDIA WORLD
Journalism studies, the research that promotes the understanding of occupational, regulatory, ethical, technological, political, commercial, cultural and educational factors in journalism, is one of the most dynamic academic fields of the past decades. This dynamism is reflected in the number of university departments established, the number of new journals and other publications in the field, as well as the establishment of new research centers, multinational research projects, and journalism studies sections in all the international academic communications fora. This paper discusses the above and the several historical reasons behind the rising importance of journalism studies, such as the rise of the media as an almost exclusive “occupant” of peoples’ free time, as a huge economic force, and finally as the main vehicle to conduct any political communication activity.
JOURNALISM STUDIES IN GREECE AND EUROPE
The aim of this article is to analyze the history of and the changes in journalism education in Europe and in Greece. Nowadays, there is still a debate –often polemic– about the nature of journalism studies. On the one hand, theoretical knowledge about journalism is considered necessary in society. On the other hand, practical knowledge is believed to be absolutely necessary for the profession. This debate has led to an educational dichotomy. This article supports that journalism academic education must be based on the broader field of communication studies. The article analyzes also the historical efforts that took place in Greece for the establishment of a school of journalism and the effects of the traditions of Literary Journalism on the development of journalism education and profession.
INTERNET AND JOURNALISM: TRADITIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FORMS
Eugenia Siapera, Dimitra Dimitrakopoulou
This article presents a critical review of the developments in journalism and the internet. The first part discusses traditional journalism and the internet, while the second part focuses on alternative journalism. In the first part, existing research and scholarship are divided into three periods. In the first period, traditional journalism considered the internet merely a new platform. In the second, it began using some of its attributes, while in the third period, the internet took over. In the second part, the article discusses developments in online alternative journalism, examining the ruptures created in modes of production, and its attempts to formulate a critical response to dominant models of journalism. This part further examines the ways in which media’s power is redistributed from professional to citizen journalists, and the possibilities created.
THE FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL NEWS IN THE POST-NATIONAL WORLD:
THE CHALLENGE OF THE “GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE”
Christos A. Fragkonikolopoulos
The purpose of this article is to examine: (a) why and how the agenda of journalism is still characterized by the persistence of national approaches; (b) the theoretical debates on the role and function of the mass media in the field of international reporting, and (c) how international news coverage can and should be improved. This, it is stressed, requires a shift to global journalism, something which is not merely a matter of devoting more time and space to global news. What is required is a recognition of changes in the world’s politics and the development of “new” modes of representing the conditions of post-national reality.
THE LANGUAGE OF GREEK JOURNALISM: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DESIDERATA
Research on the language of Greek journalism appears to have a twofold orientation. First, studies focus on the ways media adjust to the standard (written or spoken) Modern Greek formed after the gradual decline of diglossia, and on the vernacularization of media language. Second, research studies tend to investigate media genres (of print and broadcast journalism), headline language and some discourse-level phenomena associated with the journalistic writing such as reported speech/thought and formulaic language. Research desiderata include, among others: the historical investigation of media language, the exploitation of spoken media corpora, the analysis of the Modern Greek language as used by the media at the phonological, syntactic and lexical level, the study of radio and internet language, and the anatomy of still unexplored genres – some of which are typical “Greek”.
REVIEWING THE ARTS: THE THEATRE CRITIC AS JOURNALIST
This paper presents an overview of the multiple identities and functions of the media critics, exploring the complexity of their professional profile and focusing, in particular, on the case of the theatre critic/reviewer. Through an interdisciplinary approach, important theoretical issues are discussed: dynamics, legitimacy and specific cultural position of reviewing (associating the field of the arts with journalism and opinion writing practices), stereotypes and challenges that accompany the critic’s task, value attribution and promotional processes involved in this role. It is also analyzed how the modified press hierarchies, the emergence of the New Media and the changes in cultural /artistic values affect the reviewer’s professional authority and status, thus leading to the key question whether, in contemporary world, the evaluative discourse of the critic is still viable and necessary.
Ε-GOVERNMENT AND E-GOVERNANCE: AN ATTEMPT TO CLARIFY THE TERMINOLOGICAL CONFUSION
This article attempts to clarify the terminological confusion of the concepts of e-government and e-governance, so as to provide a probationary conceptual framework for their use. In this context, there is a presentation of the concepts of e-government and e-governance, which is supplemented by a critical assessment of how the above concepts appear in a series of official documents of the Greek public administration and the European Union.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE COMMUNICATIONS STRATEGY IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT:
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE SHIPWRECKS OF THE BOATS “SAMINA EXPRESS” AND “SEA DIAMOND”
This study is about the significance of communications strategy in the context of crisis management, by using as case studies the shipwrecks of the boats “Samina Express” and “Sea Diamond”, which shocked the Greek society few years ago. The aim of this article is to provide the framework for the discussion through the review of the dominant theoretical approaches and the relevant typology. It also highlights the dimension of communications strategy in crisis management. In the second part of the article the strategies of the two shipping companies are analyzed, in order to assess their communication effectiveness. Given that Greek literature in the field of crisis management is limited, this article aims to contribute to the mapping of the current situation